The main function of a microphone is to be a transducer, meaning, it converts one kind of energy to another kind of energy with as little variation as possible from the original source. Thus, it is important that you choose the right microphone for it makes a big difference to your recording output.
Know that there are many different kinds of microphones sold in the market and that they are designed differently thus they function differently, and can meet different needs for your recording. You will most probably come across two main types of microphones for recording your music or sound and you will be able to choose the best for your needs.
Actually, choosing a microphone should not be too hard especially if you know the differences between them and which one you will use for your recording needs. For example, know that recording vocals will not warrant the same kind of studio microphone if you are recording instruments.
For instruments and live performances, the best to use is a dynamic microphone. This kind of microphone is what you will notice liver performers are using. However, for vocals and other soft recordings where details are of top most importance, the condenser studio microphones are being used. Depending on your budget and if you can afford them, it is beneficial to have both types of microphones.
In recording vocals where a flatter frequency is a must than the dynamic, the condenser will fit into the requirements. You will get a more accurate and clearer recording using a condenser studio microphone, while with dynamic, details are not that important since this type is meant for live performances and instrument recordings. Know more about microphones at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone.
With a condenser studio microphone, you will require a mixer or a preamp that provides phantom power of around 48 volts, while the dynamic does not require this power thus less sensitive.
Another important matter of consideration when choosing the perfect studio microphone for your use is the pickup pattern. Be aware of the basic three types of pickup patterns, such as the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones, and the unidirectional microphones.
Sounds are picked up so evenly with the omni directional microphone at eastwoodsoundandvision.com, and so if your purpose is for home recording studio, do not get this type since you will just be picking up other household sounds like from your television, dog barking, and so on.
The bidirectional microphones on the other hand are able to pick up only two directions and these are the front and the back, thus they are usually used in radio interviews where people sharing one microphone is allowed. Get it here!